Noria is an attempt at designing a database specifically tailored for web applications, providing automatic caching, safe and effortless schema migrations, and native support for reactive use.
Noria observes that, by having developers provide the set of queries their application will make in advance, the database can be smarter about how to execute those queries. In particular, it can choose to pre-compute, and incrementally maintain, the results for queries. This allows Noria to answer those queries quickly, and essentially obviates the need for application caches.
Streaming data model
Noria is built from the bottom-up to be a streaming data system by using data-flow. This allows web applications to observe a stream of changes to the result set of queries they are interested in, which fits well with the new reactive-style web applications inspired by Meteor.
Distribution and scaling
The data-flow computation model used in Noria enables efficient multi-core and cross-machine implementation of the application’s set of queries. By carefully analyzing the graph, Noria can make strategic choices about what operators should be placed on which computers, what state should be materialized, and how to shard and partition the data for availability and performance.
Safe schema migrations
By smartly re-using this materialized state, Noria can also provide fast schema migrations. Since the raw data log is always kept, migrations can be undone easily, and queries using the pre-migration queries can still be satisfied. Furthermore, since the users only specify queries, not the underlying schema, the system can choose to internally implement the user’s queries in whatever schema it deems to be most efficient.
- Jon Gjengset (PhD)
- Jonathan Behrens (PhD)
- Alana Marzoev (PhD)
- Lara Timbó Araújo (MEng)
- Gina Yuan (MEng)
- Samyukta Yagati (MEng)
- Martin Ek (NUST)
- Malte Schwarzkopf (Postdoc)
- Prof. Eddie Kohler (Harvard)
- Prof. M. Frans Kaashoek
- Prof. Robert Morris
Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, September 2019
Towards multiverse databases
Alana Marzoev, Lara Timbó Araújo, Malte Schwarzkopf, Samyukta Yagati, Eddie Kohler, Robert Morris, M. Frans Kaashoek, and Sam Madden.
Noria: A new take on fast web application backends
Jon Gjengset, Malte Schwarzkopf, Jonathan Behrens, Lara Timbó Araújo, Martin Ek, Eddie Kohler, M. Frans Kaashoek, and Robert Morris.
;login: The USENIX Magazine 44(1), March 2019.
GDPR compliance by construction
Malte Schwarzkopf, Eddie Kohler, M. Frans Kaashoek, and Robert Morris
Noria: dynamic, partially-stateful data-flow for high-performance web applications
Jon Gjengset, Malte Schwarzkopf, Jonathan Behrens, Lara Timbó Araújo, Martin Ek, Eddie Kohler, M. Frans Kaashoek, Robert Morris
Multiverse databases for secure web applications
Lara Timbó Araújo
Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, February 2018.
Soup: A Flexibility-First Database
Jon Gjengset, Malte Schwarzkopf, Nikhil Benesch, Eddie Kohler, M. Frans Kaashoek, Robert Morris
Noria is available on GitHub at mit-pdos/noria.